10 September 2022

Smallpox in Massachusetts Bay 1689-1692

While researching an article for my Witches of Massachusetts Bay website, I wanted to find out if Martha (Allen) Carrier brought that contagious disease, the smallpox with her when she moved from Billerica to Andover in the summer or early fall of 1690. 

Like my previous smallpox post, the data is limited by who recorded the deaths in each town and whether they included a cause of death. After the 1678–1679 outbreak, the period from 1689 to 1692 had 55 cases. The earliest death was Dr. John Smith in Charlestown on 21 October 1689 and the last was Thomas Rand who died on 17 June 1691, also in Charlestown. Of all the recorded smallpox deaths, Charlestown had the most prolonged time period between the first and last smallpox deaths and the largest recorded deaths (34). The remaining smallpox deaths were in Andover (10), Haverhill (7), Billerica (3), and Salem (1). Clearly, the Charlestown town recorder was more diligent than the Salem one, since we would expect a busy seaport such as Salem to have more cases.

The records did not supply a timeframe for when the virus raged in each community or how many had the disease and survived. However, we do know from the selectmen's records that by mid-October 1690, Martha Carrier and some of her children had smallpox, and all recovered. But, all of the people who died of the disease in Andover were related to Martha, including her father, two brothers, and two nephews.

The Andover selectmen blamed Martha Carrier for bringing the contagion to Andover. The records show that the first smallpox death recorded in Andover was on 24 October 1690, while the first one listed in Billerica occurred two months later, on 24 December 1690. This suggests—but does not prove—that the disease hit Andover first, and Billerica later.


Andrew Allen jr., small pox. 24 Oct 1690
Andrew Allen Sr., small pox 26 Nov 1690
John Allen, small pox, Nov. 26, 1690.
Francis Ingalls, s. Henry and Mary, small pox, Dec. 9, 1690.
James Holt, "father of James," small pox, Dec. 14, 1690.
James Holt, s. James and Hannah, small pox, Dec. 13, 1690.
Mercy Allen, w. John, small pox, Dec. 25, 1690.
Sarah Marks, w. Roger, small pox, Dec. 22, 1690.
Thomas Allen, s. Andrew and Elisabeth, small pox, Dec. 18, 1690.
Stephen Osgood, smallpox, Jan. 15, 1690-1.


Daniel Shed, small pox, Dec. 24, 1690, a. abt. 41. [Dan[ie]ll Jr., M.R.]
Dorothy Shed [dup. Dorithy], d. Daniel Jr. [dup. omits Jr.] and Ruth, small pox, Dec. 23, 1690.
John Dunkin Sr. [h. Johannah], small pox, Dec. 19, [16]90.


Dr. John Smith, smallpox, d. Oct. 21, 1689.
Abigail Kettle, wife of Jonathan Kettle, (smallpox), d. Jan. 25, 1690.
John Damman, about 40, (smallpox), d. Jan. 20, 1690.
John Hett, son of Tho. & Dorothy Hett, (smallpox), d. Jan. 8, 1690.
Susanna Codman, dau. of Stephen & Elizabeth Codman, (smallpox), d. Jan. 8, 1690.
James Miller, son of James Miller, the Scotchman, smallpox, d. July 14, 1690.
John Hale, about 26, (smallpox), d. Sept. [Dec, Co. Rec. 4:182] 30, 1690.
Mary Cutler, dau. of Timothy & Elizabeth Cutler, smallpox, d. Sept. 12, 1690.
Sarah Cutler, dau. of Timothy & Elizabeth Cutler, smallpox, d. Sept. 5, 1690.
Henry Bowers, son of Benanuel Bowers, about 25, (smallpox), d. Oct. 16, 1690.
Mary Hill, dau. of Samuel & Elizabeth Hill, smallpox, d. Oct. 4, 1690.
Sarah Shoorin, wife of Thomas Shoorin, (smallpox), d. Oct. 17, 1690.
William Wilson, son of Paul Wilson, (smallpox) Oct. 4, 1690.
John Hurry, son of Wm. & Hannah Hurry, smallpox, d. Nov. 22, 1690.
Elizabeth Het, dau. of Tho. & Dorothy Het, (smallpox), d. Dec. 14, 1690.
Henry Davis, a sojourner at Jno. Chamberlin's [a stranger, Co. Rec. 4:183], (smallpox), d. Dec. 20, 1690.
John Chamberlain, (smallpox), d. Dec. 22, 1690
John Ryal, son of Joseph & Mary Ryal, 11, (smallpox), d. Dec. 21, 1690.
Joseph Hopkins, about 32, smallpox, d. Dec. 27, 1690.
Alice Dam, servant to Capt. Joseph Lynde, smallpox, d. Feb. 18, 1690/1.
Hephzibah Codman, dau. of Stephen & Elizabeth Codman, (smallpox), d. Feb. 22, 1690 [1690/1, Pro. 1].
Sarah Mirick, wife of Benjamin Mirick, smallpox, d. Feb. 14, 1690/1.
Abigail Orton/Horton, wife of Ebenezer Orton, (smallpox), d. Mar. 27, 1691.
Edward Paine, brickmaker, (smallpox), d. Mar. 13, 1690/1.
John Kettle, about 30, smallpox, d. Mar. 17 [18, Pro. 2], 1690/1.
Thankfull Austin, wife of Ebenezer Austin, (smallpox), d. Mar. 4, 1690 [1690/1, Pro. 1].
[blank] of Jno. Smith, (smallpox), d. Apr. 29, 1691
George Luke, son of George & Hannah Luke [smallpox, Pro. 1], d. Apr. 11, 1691 [altered from 1690].
Samll. Carter, smallpox, d. Apr. 1, 1691.
[blank] of Jno. Smith, (smallpox), d. May 11, 1691.
Anna Ballat, wife of Mr. Samll. Ballat, smallpox, d. May 14, 1691.
Mary Smith, wife of Jno. Smith, (smallpox), d. May 22, 1691,
Thomas Rand, son of Nathaniel & Abigail Rand, (smallpox), d. June 17, 1691.
John Smith, ship carpenter, (smallpox), d. 1691.


Tho[mas] Mash, s. Onisophorus, of Canada, pox, Nov. 21, 1690.
Abraham Hendrick, s. Daniel and Mary (Stockbridge), smallpox, Dec. 1, 1690.
Jonah Sterling, s. William and Mary, small pox, Dec. 21, 1690.
Jonathan Davis, s. Ephraim and Mary (Johnson), small pox, Dec. 7, 1690.
Ruth Hartshorne, w. John, small pox, Dec. 12, 1690
Mary Ford, w. Robert, small pox, Jan. 27, 1690-91.
Mary Ford, d. Robert and Mary (Kent), small pox, Feb. 3, 1690-91.


Jacob Phillips, small pox, Sept. 19, 1690. C. R. 2.

*Data only included information from Massachusetts Vital Records 1620–1850 database at AmericanAncestors.org, which does not include records for every town. Boston Births, Baptisms, Marriages, and Deaths 1630–1699 were searched separately, though the keywords “smallpox,” “small pox,” and “pox” were not found. 

See also

A pox on Martha Carrier (WitchesMassBay)

18 July 2022

Book Review: Aunt Edwina's Fabulous Wishes by Lynne Christensen

Located in a fancy spa town in England, Fizzleywick Hotel is a grand place for the wedding of your imagination. That's right, Canadian author Lynne Christensen has set her family history novel in Plumsden and Brambleford and other quaint towns in Kent that you won't find on the map. After all, it's more about the adventure than the destination. You shouldn't be seeking the help of Amelia Georges of the Pixleton Family History Society anyway; just know that volunteers and staff in real places will provide you with resources to uncover genealogical clues—but it's your job to do the work. So call ahead to make reservations and don't be daunted by unexpected events, untimely closures, and not finding everything you need in one place. 

Thanks to Aunt Edwina, Julie and her cousin Gertie embark on a family history treasure hunt. They need to find scattered clues left behind in family papers, paintings, and even the landscape itself. With the help of friends in high and low places, the two women find secret stashes hidden in everyday objects and within people's memories. The people they meet, from a pawn shop owner to aristocrats turned B&B hosts, all help them solve the puzzles. 

From charming characters to precise descriptions of imaginary locations, this book is an entertaining but smart read. Did you ever think about attending an antiques market to learn where an old key fits? Or taking the time to meet with the locals who have all sorts of stories to tell? In the end, Julie and Gertie are successful, but like all family trees, there's always more to discover. That's why Aunt Edwina's Fabulous Wishes is book 1 of a series. 

(received free book to review)

16 January 2020

Before the court: Massachusetts Bay records

Records of the Court of Assistants of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 1630-1692

1630 to 1641: Records, so far as recovered or reproduced from State Archives
1641 to 1644
1642 to 1673 Restored fragments of records
1673 to 1692 (missing Intercharter period, part 1686-part 1689)

Criminal trials in the Court of Assistants and Superior Court of Judicature, 1630-1700 by John Noble (1897)

Abstract and index of the records of the Inferior court of pleas, Suffolk County Court, Held at Boston, 1680-1698

Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts

Vol. I 1636-1656
Vol. II 1656-1662
Vol. III 1662-1667
Vol. IV 1667-1671
Vol. V 1672-1674
Vol. VI 1675-1678
Vol. VII 1678-1680
Vol. VIII 1680-1683
Vol. IX 1683-1686

Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England

v. 1. 1628-1641
v. 2. 1642-1649
v. 3. 1644-1657
v. 4, pt. 1. 1650-1660
v. 4, pt. 2. 1661-1674
v. 5. 1674-1686

Massachusetts State Archives collection, colonial period, 1622-1788

v. 135 Witchcraft, 1656-1759

FamilySearch record images (click on camera icon on right to view digital records)

27 October 2019

Reconstructing Rev. George Burroughs’ Genealogy

1711 Attainder for George Burroughs & Others
Rev. George Burroughs left his Salem Village post in 1683, preferring life in the Maine wilds with occasional Indian attacks than dealing with the animosity brewing in Salem, Massachusetts. In 1692 he returned to Salem in chains on trumped up charges of being “in confederacy with the Devil.” 

At age 42, Burroughs stood before his former congregation and many other spectators at Proctor’s Ledge with a noose around his neck. He proclaimed his innocence on the charges of witchcraft, then perfectly recited the “Lord’s Prayer.” A sense of unease apparently swept through the crowd afterwards but Rev. Cotton Mather, sitting on horseback, declared it was a “righteous sentence.” Burroughs and four other victims of the Salem witch trials were hanged on 19 August 1692.

Incorporating Corrections to the Burroughs Tree

Over the last 65 years, various researchers have discovered new details about George Burroughs’ family and printed corrections, most notably in articles published in The American Genealogist. Yet we still see the same misinformation being repeated online and in print. I’ve compiled all that data so George can be properly placed with his parents, wives, and children.

Burrough of Wickhambrook

Born about 1650, George was the son of Nathaniel Burrough and his wife Rebecca Stiles. Nathaniel was a merchant/mariner, son of Rev. George Burrough (1579-1653), rector of Pettaugh and Gosbeck in Suffolk, England, and a member of the Burrough family of Wickhambrook. During his son’s childhood, records document Nathaniel’s travels between Maryland and Massachusetts Bay. Records also show in 1657 Rebecca joined the church in Roxbury, Massachusetts, and was dismissed in 1674 to return to England. Rebecca (Stiles) Burrough was buried 26 March 1679 in Stepney, Middlesex, England. Nathaniel was buried there 6 March 1682.

*In England, the surname most often was spelled Burrough without the S, but there were a dozen variations.

Marriage No. 1

The ill-fated minister George Burroughs graduated from Harvard College in 1670. About 1673, he married Hannah Fisher, born 19 January 1652/3 in Dedham, Massachusetts, to Lieut. Joshua Fisher (1621-1672) and his first wife, Mary Aldis (d. 1653). George and Hannah had:

1. Rebecca Burroughs, baptized 12 April 1674 in Roxbury; died 27 January 1741/2, buried at Granary Burying Ground in Boston; married first, 1 December 1698 in Charlestown, Isaac Fowle; married second, 18 October 1716 in Boston, Ebenezer Tolman.
2. George Burroughs, baptized 25 November 1675 in Roxbury; died young.
3. Hannah Burroughs, born 27 April 1680 in Salisbury; died 5 August 1746 in Woburn, buried at First Burial Ground, Woburn; married 8 March 1705 in Boston, Jabez Fox (1684-1736).
4. Elizabeth Burroughs, born in 1681, baptized 4 June 1682 in Salem; died 1719, buried at Granary Burying Ground in Boston; married 2 November 1704 in Boston to Peter Thomas.

Hannah (Fisher) Burroughs died in September 1681, possibly shortly after her fourth child was born. Her ghost appeared in the Salem witch trials records.

Marriage No. 2

About 1683, George married Sarah Ruck, born 12 August 1656 in Salem, died about 1689/90, daughter of John Ruck (1627-1697) and his first wife Hannah Spooner (d. 29 January 1660/1) of Salem. Sarah was the widow of Capt. William Hathorne (1646-1678), son of Major William Hathorne (1606?-1681) and wife Ann of Salem. She had two Hathorne children who died in their minority. The proof of this earlier marriage is in a 1728 deed where her son Charles Burroughs, as his mother's heir, sells Capt. Hathorne's lands in Groton, Mass. Her ghost also appeared in the Salem witch trials records.

On 6 June 1693, John Ruck became guardian of George and Sarah’s four orphans (but not 1st wife Hannah’s children), and in the same month, Ruck had three of them baptized. In his 1697 will, he bequeathed land to his four Burroughs grandchildren:

5. Charles Burroughs, born about 1684, baptized June 1693 in Salem; married first, 3 October 1706 in Salem, Elizabeth Marston (d. 1711); married second, 11 March 1711 in Marlborough, Rebecca Townsend of Charlestown. 
6. George Burroughs, baptized April 1691 in Salem; published marriage intention 27 February 1713/4 in Ipswich to Sarah Scales.
7. Jeremiah Burroughs, baptized June 1693; died unmarried March 1752 in Ipswich. 
8. Josiah Burroughs, baptized June 1693; died after 1701 when he chose Samuel Ruck as guardian and before 1712 restitution.

Marriage No. 3

About 1690, George married his third wife, Mary —, probably in Maine. They had one child:

     9. Mary Burroughs, born about 1690-1692 in Maine, baptized 1 May 1698 in Cambridge, Massachusetts; married Joseph Tiffany probably years before they were warned out of Norton in 1734. She was admitted to the church in Attleborough in 1736.

In her mid-20s when her husband George was hanged, Mary (—) Burroughs married second, 13 July 1693 in Boston, Michael Homer—just months after his first wife Hannah (Dowse) died. In October 1694, Michael was taken to court for spousal abuse before disappearing from the records. In January 1697/8, Mary Homer was admitted a member of the Cambridge church and a few months later had her two daughters, Mary Burroughs and Hannah Homer, baptized. 

On 5 February 1699/1700, Mary (—) (Burroughs) Homer married in Cambridge to Christopher Hall Jr. (d. 1711). They had two children, Caleb (1700-1791) and Joshua Hall (1702-), born in Attleborough.

Sources for Burroughs’ Parents

“Nathaniel Burrough of Maryland, Massachusetts, and England” by George Ely Russell, The American Genealogist, Vol. 60, pp. 140-142, 1972. (TAG back issues are available to members at AmericanAncestors.org)

Genealogical Gleanings in England by Henry F. Waters, Vol.1, Vol. 2. 1:515f, 1:737, 2:1308f

Sources for Burroughs’ Wives & Children

“Homer-Stevens Notes, Boston” by Winifred Lovering Holman in The American Genealogist, Vol. 29, pp. 99-110, 1953.

“Mary (Burroughs) (Homer) (Hall) Tiffany” by Glade Ian Nelson in The American Genealogist, Vol. 48, pp. 140-146, 1972.

“The Third Wife of the Rev. George Burroughs” by David L. Greene in The American Genealogist, Vol. 56, pp. 43-45, 1980.

“Hannah Fisher, First Wife of the Rev. George Burroughs, Executed for Witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts, 1692” by Neil D. Thompson, The American Genealogist, Vol. 76, pp. 17-19, 2001.

“Sarah (Ruck) (Hathorne) Burroughs of Salem, Massachusetts” by Glade Isaac Nelson in The American Genealogist, Vol. 91, pp. 23-28, 2019.

Originally published 19 Sept. 2017, updated with Capt. Hathorne data.

14 September 2019

Smallpox reported in Massachusetts Bay 1676-1688

As seen in Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1620-1850 (online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016), a few town clerks sometimes added notations for the cause of death, including smallpox. (Not all towns, such as Boston, are part of this database.)

Massachusetts Bay colonists first recorded smallpox in their communities in 1677, with epidemics also occurring in 1689–1690, 1702, 1721, 1751, 1764, and 1775. The highly infectious disease started with a fever followed in two or three days by a skin rash that turned into fluid-filled bumps with a dent in the center. Some colonists were familiar with or had the disease in the old country and knew that isolating its victims from the general population helped contain the spread of smallpox. But they did not have medical treatments or preventative measures.

Of the 4,283 deaths reported from 1676 to 1688 in the database, 32 notations mentioned death by smallpox. Typically, the rate of death after contracting the disease was 30 percent, though higher for babies. This suggests an average of 1,285 people died of smallpox, though only .74% were reported.

However, from the small sample (the 32 listed below), it’s possible to see how smallpox traveled (by placing the dates in order) and how relatives and neighbors were infected. 

----, Peter, a[n Indian] boy of Holbrook’s, small pox, 5: 11m : 1678-9. C.R. 1.
Davis, Samuel, s. Toby, small pox, bur. 10: 2m : 1679. C. R. 1.
Davis, Willia[m], small pox. at Boston, bur. 18: 10m: 1678. C. R. 1.
Gary (see also Garee, Gery), Dorcas, inf. d. ----, wid. Nathtaniel], small pox, bur. 21 : 12 m : 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Gery, Deborah [Gary, d. wid., small pox. C. R. 1.], Mar. 8, 1678 [1678-9. C. R. 1.]
Gery, Nathaniel [Gary, small pox. C. R. 1.], Jan. 28, 1678. [1678-9. C. R. 1.]
Goard, John [a young man], small pox, bur. 18: 12m: 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Goard, Phebe, w. Richard, small pox, bur. 28 : 12 m : 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Heath, Dorothy, d. wid., small pox, 3: 11m: 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Holbroke (see also Holbrook), John [Holbrook, small pox. C. R. 1.], Dec. 25, 1678.
Hopkins, Hannah, w. Willia[m], small pox, 5: 11m: 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Hopkins, Mary, small pox, bur. 8: 12m [Feb.]: 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Lamb, Mary, d. Caleb [small pox. C. R. 1.], July 4, 1679.
Newel, Abraham [Newell, C. R. 1.], s. Isaac [small pox: C. R. 1.], Dec. 25, 1678. [a. 11 y. C. R. 1.]
Newel, Jakob, small pox, 30: 10m: 1678. C. R. 1.
Newel, Mary, d. Jakob, small pox, 5: 12m: 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Stevens, ____, small pox, 13: 10m: 1678. C. R. 1.
Tatman (see also Totman), Elizabeth, inf. d. Jabesh, small pox, 30:9m: 1678. C. R. 1.
Weld, Elisabeth, w. Joseph [small pox. C. R. 1.], Feb. 15, 1678. [1678- 9. C. R. 1.]
Weld, Margaret [Marget. C. R. 1.], d. Joseph and Elisabeth [small pox. C. R. 1.], Feb 12. 1678.
Williams, Theoda, small pox, bur, 8: 12m: 1678-9. C. R. 1.
Wise, Jeremiah, small pox, 17 : 9m: 1678. C. R. 1.

Hamlet, Mary, w. Jacob, small pox, July 9, [16]78.

Beedle, ________, ch. Robert, small pox, Jan. 4, 1678. [Jan. 9. CT. R.]
Blanchard, John, small pox, July 24, 1678.
Lunt, ________, ch. John, small pox, Sept. 30, 1678.
Moody, Judith, d. Caleb, small pox, at Salisbury, Jan. 28, 1678.
Morse, ________, ch. Joseph, small pox, Feb. 5, 1678.
Morse, Joseph, small pox, Jan. 15, 1678.

Cutler, John, Sen., s. of ____, of the small-pox, in the family of Isaac Brooks, 1678 or 1678-79.
Farrar, Jacob, s. of ____, of small-pox, 1678 or 1678-9.
Wyman, David, s. of ____, of small-pox, 1678 or 1678-9.

03 August 2019

Using the Essex Institute Historical Collections

Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., circa 1910s
The Essex Institute of Salem, Massachusetts, was formed in 1848 by the merger of the Essex Historical Society and the Essex County Natural History Society. This literary, historical, and scientific society had a deep interest in Essex county, 

In 1992, the Essex Institute merged with the Peabody Museum to become the Peabody Essex Museum (PEM).

One hundred years of the Essex Institute Historical Collections (EIHC) is available online through the Internet Archive. The journals contain family genealogies, histories, probate records, and other miscellaneous records of interest to genealogists.


Vol. 1 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1859)

Vol. 2 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1860)

Vol. 3 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1861)

Vol. 4 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1862)

Vol. 5 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1863)

Vol. 6 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1864)

Vol. 7 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1865)

Vol. 8 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1866)

Vol. 9 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1869)

Vol. 10 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1870)

Vol. 11 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1871)

Vol. 12 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1874)

Vol. 13 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1875)

Vol. 14 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1877)

Vol. 15 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1878)

Vol. 16 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1879)

Vol. 17 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1880)

Vol. 18 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1881)

Vol. 19 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1882)

Vol. 20 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1883)

Vol. 21 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1884)

Vol. 22 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1886)

Vol. 23 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1887)

Vol. 24 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1888)

Vol. 25 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1889)

Vol. 26 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1890)

Vol. 27 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1891)

Vol. 28 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1892)

Vol. 29 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1893)

Vol. 30 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1894)

Vol. 31 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1895)

Vol. 32 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1896)

Vol. 33 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1897)

Vol. 34 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1898)

Vol. 35 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1899)

Vol. 36 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1900)

Vol. 37 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1901)

Vol. 38 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1902)

Vol. 39 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1903)

Vol. 40 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1904)

Vol. 41 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1905)

Vol. 42 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1906)

Vol. 43 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1907)

Vol. 44 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1908)

Vol. 45 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1909)

Vol. 46 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1910)

Vol. 47 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1911)

Vol. 48 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1912)

Vol. 49 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1913)

Vol. 50 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1914)

Vol. 51 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1915)

Vol. 52 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1916)

Vol. 53 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1917)

Vol. 54 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1918)

Vol. 55 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1919)

Vol. 56 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1920)

Vol. 57 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1921)

Vol. 58 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1922)

Vol. 59 Essex Institute Historical Collections (1923)

Other Publications

Proceedings of the Essex Institute

Bulletin of the Essex Institute: Communications

Annual report of the Essex Institute

See more 

Digital Public Library of America


25 March 2019

Sidney Perley's Essex Antiquarian

Born in 1857, Sidney Perley was a well-known lawyer in Essex county, Massachusetts. He also wrote books and articles on history, genealogy, and the law. From 1897 to 1909 he published the Essex Antiquarian. These journals include so much valuable information, I've included the links below. Perley died in 1928. 

For more articles published by Perley, check out my links to the Essex Institute Historical Collections (EIHC). He also wrote pieces for the New England Historic Genealogical Society (AmericanAncestors.org).