Federal censuses are great tools for finding families at a given time and place, especially when vital records are not available. Some states, such as Massachusetts and Rhode Island, also created their own state censuses for representation purposes midway between federal census dates.
On May 1, 1865, Massachusetts conducted its state census, encompassing 95% of
all people living in the Commonwealth. Thanks to the volunteers at FamilySearch, the census index and images are
now online. And access is free.
According to the index, there are 5,600 people surnamed Smith in the 1865
Massachusetts census. To make the results more manageable, you can filter your
search by first name, gender, event type, and place. For easy access to
information, roll your mouse over a name to get a pop-up window detailing name,
age, estimated birth year, gender, race, birthplace, marital status, and
residence. Click on the name so a split-screen appears. From there, you can
copy, print, or share the personal indexing information or view the census
image. The images can be resized, rotated, inverted, saved, and printed. You
also can browse census pages.
1865 Massachusetts state census search
1855 Massachusetts state census search